Black, Jerome. 1987. "The Practice of Politics in Two Settings: Political Transferability among Recent Immigrants to Canada." Canadian Journal of Political Science 20 (4): 731-753.
Blais, André. 2000. To Vote or Not to Vote. The Merits and Limits of Rational Choice Theory (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press).
Blais, André and Peter Loewen. 2011. Youth Electoral Engagement in Canada. Ottawa: Elections Canada.
Chui, Tina, Curtis, James and Lambert, Ronald. 1991. "Immigrant Background and Political Participation: Examining Generational Patterns." Canadian Journal of Sociology 16(4): 375-396.
Cook, Timothy E. 1985. "The Bear Market in Political Socialization and the Costs of Misunderstood Psychological Theories." American Political Science Review 79(#): 1079-1093.
Delli Carpini, Michael X. and Scott Keeter. 1996. What Americans Know about Politics and Why it Matters. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Francis, J. D., and L. Busch. 1975. "What we Now Know About "I Don't Knows'." Public Opinion Quarterly 39 (2): 207-218.
Gélineau, François. 2013. Who Participates? A Closer Look at the Results of the National Youth Survey. Ottawa: Elections Canada.
Gidengil, Elizabeth and Jason Roy. 2015. "Is There a Racial Divide? Immigrants of Visible Minority Background in Canada." In Antoine Bilodeau (editor) Just Ordinary Citizens? Toward a Comparative Portrait of the Political Immigrant (University of Toronto Press). Forthcoming.
Howe, Paul. 2010. Citizens Adrift: the Democratic Disengagement of Young Canadians (Vancouver: UBC Press).
Krosnick, Jon. A, and M. A. Milburn. 1990. "Psychological Determinants of Political Opinionation." Social Cognition 8 (1): 49-72.
Milbrath, L. W., and M. L. Goel. 1977. Political Participation, 2nd edition. Chicago: Rand McNally.
Pammett, J. H. and L. Leduc. 2003. Explaining the Turnout Decline in Canadian Federal Elections: A New Survey of Non-Voters. Elections Canada.
Rapoport, Ronald B. 1982. "Sex differences in Attitude Expression: A Generational Explanation." Public Opinion Quarterly 46: 86-96.
Tossutti, Livianna. 2007. "The Electoral Participation of Ethnocultural Communities" Working Paper Series on Electoral Participation and Outreach Practices, Elections Canada.
Wolfinger, Nicholas and Raymond Wolfinger, 2008. "Family Structure and Voter Turnout." Social Forces 86 (4): 1513-28.